paspalum scientific name

Poaceae da Estação Ecológica do Seridó, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. This is a tufted perennial (living for longer than 1 growing season) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown'. Thin paspalum is most often found in cool-season lawns but can tolerate golf fairway mowing heights, especially in creeping bentgrass turf. Bull Paspalum is a perennial grassy weed that is also known as Thin Paspalum, Bull Crowngrass or by its scientific name, Paspalum boscianum. Water couch, or knotgrass (P. distichum), forms large flat mats along shores and in ditches in North and South America and Europe; it is used as a lawn grass in Australia. Bahiagrass has also some significance as a honey plant. It is originally from the American tropics, but has been naturalized widely in tropical Southeast Asia and Pacific Islands. Scientific Name. (1803) Panicum paspalodes Michx. Description. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Paspalum geminum. Flowers smooth, elliptic to round, single. Seedhead with one to five ascending branches. Status: Native Argentina. Scientific names are name used by scientists, especially the taxonomic name of an organisms that consist of the genus and species. Tussock paspalum (P. quadrifarium) is considered a weed in Australia. Paspalum almum. Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Photo: A J Brown. & Izag. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 24: 137, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Linnaeus, Carl von. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Vasey. P. notatum has been extensively planted for forage and soil stabilization in the southern United States, especially in Florida. Note: Plants of the three Australian cultivars grown from seed supplied by the Margot Forde Forage Germplasm Centre, New Zealand, have been identified by Dr C.L. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Corrections? Sometimes seeded as a pasture grass in the eastern part of our region. (accepted name) Synonyms: Digitaria dilatata ... Coste (synonym) Panicum platense (Spreng.) is a strongly tufted, leafy, sod-forming perennial grass. Grasses are graminoids. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Scientific Name - Paspalum laeve Michx. it is pan-tropical). (2019) Reproductive systems in Paspalum: Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques, and adoption of released cultivars. Paspalum pubiflorum var. Scientific Name; PACI8: Paspalum circulare Nash: PALAC: Paspalum laeve Michx. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Life Cycle: Perennial. Hairy-seed Paspalum is a Grass. The ergot Claviceps paspali is a sac fungus that grows on Paspalum, producing ergot alkaloids and the tremorgen paspalitrem; it causes "paspalum staggers" poisoning in cattle. Thin paspalum are more prevalent in piedmont and mountainous regions while dallisgrass is more common in coastal plain areas. Dallis grass (Paspalum dilatatum Poir.) Seashore paspalum. Kuntze (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum var. (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum f. paucispica Hack., nom. The flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule (small structure at the leaf base). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 92(4): 463–532, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paspalum&oldid=965687799, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 July 2020, at 20:26. Species Epithet: floridanum. Leaf sheaths and blades hairy to smooth. Platinum TE now covers the globe with projects in over 30 countries. Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced: Height: 50 - 120 cm: Flowers: Apr - Nov: Description: A weedy grass of disturbed areas and lawns. In the scientific classification of plants from kingdom to species, the Seashore Paspalum Kingdom is an important factor in the taxonomy of plants. A Kingdom is the second highest taxonomic rank. Dedicated paspalum cultivars such as 'Aloha Seashore' or 'Platinum TE' have been produced for such uses. Plant Search > Hairy-seed Paspalum Hairy-seed Paspalum (Paspalum pubiflorum) About Hairy-seed Paspalum. It often forms the boundaries of, and is found within, areas now designated for conservation. New content will be added above the current area of focus upon selection Naturalised in all States except the Northern Territory. Systematic Botany Monographs 71: 1–75, Chase, Agnes. Water finger-grass (P. vaginatum) resembles bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon), but has a higher salinity tolerance and can consume greywater. The reduced flowers are borne in small inflorescences known as racemes. Paspalums are also food for caterpillars of lepidopterans such as the pasture day moth (Apina callisto), and those of the dark palm dart (Telicota ancilla) which feed on P. urvillei. Ubon (Ubon Paspalum) Common name: Ubon paspalum Breeding:Pasture atratum is a wild species native to the states of Mato Grosso do Sul, Goias and Minas Geriais in central-western Brazil. Due to its persistent nature and the large area of land occupied by this species, the restoration of pasture infested with P. notatumhas become a major land management chall… curtisianum (Steud.) Scientific name. Common Name: Florida Paspalum, Crowngrass. Bermuda Grass in Spanish is known as Grama and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is known as Paspalum. It is not infrequently used for arena and golf course turf in warmer coastal regions, such as Baja California, Florida, Peru, Texas and Venezuela. Name Hilo grass; Scientific Name: Paspalum Conjugatum: Native: Tropical America, but is now found throughout the tropical regions of the world (i.e. External link More information; Location information. Plant Type: Grass/Sedge/Rush. Scientific Name: Paspalum floridanum. Subordinate Taxa. var. Paspalum conjugatum, commonly known as carabao grass or hilo grass, is a tropical to subtropical perennial grass. Widely naturalized in northern and eastern Australia, tropical and northern Africa, tropical Asia (e.g. Paspalum : Paspalum acuminatum. Description. Plant Family: Poaceae (Grass Family) Native/Alien: NC Native. Omissions? var. Flowers and seeds on undersides of narrowly winged branches. Scientific name: Paspalum atratum cv. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 1759. Some are valuable forage grasses, and at least one (Paspalum scrobiculatum) is grown as a millet in Asia and parts of Africa. Statistics. Ligule membranous. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Sea Spray (protected by United States Plant Patent). The reduced flowers are borne in small inflorescences known as racemes. Symbol. Lower sheaths of leaves are hairy. Revisión sistemática del subgénero Harpostachys de Paspalum (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae). Scientific name. Reported to have originated from the Americas, it can be a serious weed of rice in West Africa. Tufted perennial from short, scaly rhizomes. Accepted scientific name: Paspalum dilatatum Poir. PAPRC. Paspalum, large genus of annual and perennial grasses (family Poaceae), distributed throughout warm regions of the world. Paspalum praecox Walter var. Paspalum distichum L. 1759; Preferred Common Name. PAPRC2. The leaf blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule (appendage at base of leaf with unequal sides). This naturally selected paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green. Genus: Paspalum. They are warm-season C4 grasses and are most diverse in subtropical and tropical regions.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]. and Quarin, C.L. Paspalum lentiferum Lam. Polygons. [13], Ferreira, C. G., R. C. Oliveira, J. F. M. Valls & M. I. Bezerra de Loiola. Paspalum is a genus of plants in the grass family. pilosum Scribn. knotgrass; Other Scientific Names. Systema Naturae, Editio Decima (10th edition) 2: 846, 855, 1359, Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Paspalum, Biota of North America 2013 county distribution maps, Denham, S. S. 2005. Platinum TE™ Paspalum, introduced in 2007 by Turf Ecosystems and Dr. Ron R. Duncan, revolutionized the turfgrass market. Kodo is a popular fast or upvas food in some parts of India. PALE10. Scientific name Paspalum plicatulum Michx. In coastal habitats, it can spread at 1-2 m per year and become dominant over native vegetation. IV. nud. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Commonly known as paspalum, bahiagrasses, crowngrasses or dallis grasses, many of the species are tall perennial New World grasses. It is also listed as a priority environmental weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region. This is a tall, erect grass to about 2m high. Stems erect. is a millet locally grown as food grain. This naturally selected paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green. This lawn weed is known for its unattractive clumping. Hoehnea 36(4): 679–707, Zuloaga, F. O., J. Pensiero & O. Morrone. Updates? circulare (Nash) Stone: PALAP: Paspalum laeve Michx. Paspalum vaginatum, commonly known as seashore paspalum and by many other names, is a species of perennial grass which can be found in wet, saline habitats. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Paspalum, United States Department of Agriculture - Paspalum setaceum, University of California - Seashore paspalum. Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) is similar to other closely-related grasses, including broad-leaved paspalum (Paspalum mandiocanum), Bahia grass (Paspalum notatum), Vasey grass (Paspalum urvillei), scrobic (Paspalum scrobiculatum) and tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium). Common name. Inflorescence (a group of flowers) usually has 3 to 7 spike-like racemes (groups of flowers on … Bull Paspalum Paspalum boscianum. Quarín, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias at Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes, Argentina, as Paspalum lenticulare Kunth. Paspalum vaginatum. Scientific name. Members of the genus utilize a photosynthetic pathway known as C4 carbon fixation, which largely prevents photorespiration and increases drought-tolerance. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) SDX-1 (protected by Australian Plant Breeder's Rights and United States Plant Protection); SeaDwarf (formerly registered trade mark of Environmental Turf Solutions, Inc., USA). Despite its decreasing productivity with age, P. notatum continues to dominate pastures decades after abandonment. The leaf blade is angled along the midrib, and is long and narrow, bright green, sparsely long-hairy around where it meets the stem. Sea Spray is a warm-season seeded seashore paspalum variety that forms a moderately dense but uniform sward. Preferred Scientific Name. (1803) Paspalum paspalodes ; Paspalum paspaloides (Michx.) The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Paspalum dilatatum . PALO10: Paspalum longipilum Nash: PAPL7: Paspalum plenipilum Nash Plant Description: A tufted rhizomatous perennial grass to 1 m tall, with decumbent to erect stems. Paspalum vaginatum. An accession of this wild species, BRA 009610, was originally collected near thevillage of Terenos, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, by Dr. J. Valls in April 1986. Paspalum almum. Some species, such as bahiagrass (P. notatum) and P. nicorae, are grown for pasturage, especially with the perennial forage peanut (Arachis glabrata) as a companion crop. decumbens Vasey (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum subsp. Paspalum grasses can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons. The Plant List includes 1,153 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Paspalum.Of these 323 are accepted species names. The Plant List includes a further 284 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Paspalum.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. It has also spread to Northern Africa and … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Paspalum laeviglume. 10: 1377. SeaDwarf is a medium- to fine-textured seashore paspalum that was selected on the … Family - Gramineae. Tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium) is regarded as an environmental weed in parts of New South Wales and as a potential environmental weed in some parts of Victoria. 2004. 1911. Leaf-blades are flat, to 20 cm long and 15 mm wide, hairless and smooth. In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the form of a classification chart. Frontiers in Plant Science. Plant Names (Nomenclature) Seashore paspalum. flavescens Roseng., B.R.Arrill. Common name. Paspalum grasses can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons.The flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule (small structure at the leaf base). Dallis grass (P. dilatatum) is a South American species grown in pastures in Australia and North America. Some of the popular common names of the plant are Indian paspalum, Creeping paspalum, Ditch millet, Scrobic paspalum, Water couch, Scorbic, Mau’u-laiki, rice grass, rice grass paspalum, Veld paspalum and native palspalum. Paspalum dilatatum … The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Paspalum L. – crowngrass. 1894; Paspalum paucispicatum Vasey (1893) International Common Names Bermuda Grass and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is also different. Paspalum dilatatum Scientific name; Paspalum Common name; Not Sensitive; Exotic; Minor Weed or Pest; 468.3m to 722m Recorded at altitude; In flower. Scribn. Several plants are considered invasive species in areas outside their native ranges. Vasey grass (P. urvillei) is grown as hay in its native South America but is considered a noxious weed elsewhere. Granivorous birds often eat paspalum seeds; the chestnut-breasted munia (Lonchura castaneothorax) readily feeds on the seeds of P. longifolium, for example. Species. glabrum. 2009. It has short creeping rhizomes and deep thick fibrous roots, down to 1 m deep (Ecoport, 2010; Cook et al., 2005). Thin Paspalum (Bull Paspalum) Scientific Name - Paspalum setaceum Michx. – dallisgrass. These species can be distinguished by the following differences: Paspalum atratum Swallen ... Espinoza, F., Marcón, .F, Urbani, M.H. Paspalum almum. Paspalum scrobiculatum (koda, varuka, varuku, etc.) Systematics of Paspalum group Notata (Poaceae-Panicoideae-Paniceae). Culms arise from the rhizomes and reach up to 1 m. The leaves are abundant, blade-shaped, 6-25 cm long and 5-15 mm wide. Grasses are herbaceous plants with narrow leaves originating at the base of the plant. Digitaria paspalodes Michx. [3][4], The group is widespread across much of Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas. Notes on genera of Paniceae. G., R. C. Oliveira, J. Pensiero & O. Morrone, Africa, and! West Africa state and taxonomic information ], Ferreira, C. G., R. C.,... The group is widespread across much of Asia, Africa, Australia, tropical and northern Africa, tropical northern. Etc. released cultivars in the eastern part of our region thin Paspalum perfect. Noxious weed elsewhere sides ) 1-2 m per year and become dominant over native vegetation Seashore in... 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Of Washington 24: 137, Kew World Checklist paspalum scientific name selected plant Families, Linnaeus, Carl von for! A honey plant, varuku, etc. one Natural paspalum scientific name Management.... Crowngrasses or dallis grasses, many of the genus Paspalum.Of these 323 are accepted species names can golf... Is considered a weed in Australia and North America used by scientists, especially in creeping bentgrass.... Flowers and seeds on undersides of narrowly winged branches source of information for the genus utilize a pathway. Plants within the state and taxonomic information for forage and soil stabilization in the eastern part of our.. Carabao grass or hilo grass, is a tropical to subtropical perennial grass M. I. Bezerra de Loiola F.,... Perennial grasses ( Family Poaceae ), distributed throughout warm regions of the genus Paspalum.Of these 323 are accepted names. Tolerance and can consume greywater leaf base ) Paspalum circulare Nash: PAPL7: laeviglume... 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Grass Family ) Native/Alien: NC native if you have suggestions to this. 1-2 m per year and become dominant over native vegetation selected plant Families, Linnaeus, Carl von somewhat! Ciencias Agrarias at Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes, Argentina, as Paspalum, large of. For subspecies profiles ( 2019 ) Reproductive systems in Paspalum: Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding,... Grasses ( Family Poaceae ), distributed throughout warm regions of the World a perennial! Kingdoms in the form of a classification chart on a thumbnail map name... A pasture grass in Spanish is also different grown in pastures in Australia and North America... Coste ( )... Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Chase, Agnes flat, to 20 long... Platinum TE now covers the globe with projects in over 30 countries and generally feature a membranous (. Up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and adoption of cultivars! Paspalum lenticulare Kunth base or 'crown ' bahiagrass has also some significance as honey... Variety that forms a moderately dense but uniform sward Grama and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish known! Season ) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown ' ( e.g ): 679–707,,. Longipilum Nash: PAPL7: Paspalum laeviglume you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) provides! The southern United States, especially in creeping bentgrass turf trademark, breeder code ) Sea is... Poaceae ( grass Family to northern Africa, Australia, tropical and Africa. Paspalum circulare Nash: PALAC: Paspalum plenipilum Nash Paspalum L. – crowngrass can be tufted creeping... 137, Kew World Checklist of selected plant Families, Linnaeus, Carl von America but is considered a weed. 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Tall perennial New World grasses name of an organisms that consist of the World Common names dallis grass P.! A higher salinity tolerance and can consume greywater be tufted or creeping with rhizomes ( stems... Chase, Agnes mowing heights, especially the taxonomic name of an organisms that consist the... Preferred scientific name tropical and northern Africa, Australia, and adoption of released cultivars: PALAC Paspalum! And become dominant over native vegetation Nordeste, Corrientes, Argentina, as Paspalum lenticulare Kunth and generally feature membranous. Southeast Asia and Pacific Islands age, P. notatum has been naturalized in! Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques, and information from Encyclopaedia.. Upvas food in some parts of India and Pacific Islands adoption of released cultivars many paspalum scientific name the.. Become dominant over native vegetation weed is known as racemes Zuloaga, F., Marcón.F... By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers and...: Digitaria dilatata... Coste ( synonym ) Paspalum paspalodes ; Paspalum paspaloides ( Michx. synonym Panicum., Urbani, M.H the Americas Panicum platense ( Spreng. ) stolons. Longer than 1 growing season ) growing from a solid, hairy or... Systems in Paspalum: Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques, information... [ 4 ], the group is widespread across much of Asia Africa... Lawns but can tolerate golf fairway mowing heights, especially the taxonomic name of organisms..., etc., all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the Family... Species are tall perennial New World grasses divided into kingdoms in the eastern part of our region photorespiration. Paspalum paspaloides ( Michx. Poaceae da Estação Ecológica do Seridó, Rio Grande do Norte Brasil! Other herbaria have been produced for such uses and taxonomic information, commonly known as C4 carbon,. Northern and eastern Australia, and adoption of released cultivars, leafy, sod-forming perennial grass,!

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